ORCHIDACEAE - Orchid Family

A distinctive and large family of perennial herbs.

In Cyprus 13 genera are represented by 48 species with numerous sub-species being identified.

[* Identification checked with Yiannis Christofides]


• Aceras anthropophorum - Man Orchid (Extinct?)

 

Anacamptis pyramidalis - Pyramidal Orchid

 

Barlia robertiana - Giant Orchid

 

 Cephalanthera rubra - Red Helleborine

 

• Dactylorhiza iberica - Crimean Orchid (Rare)

Dactylorhiza romana - Roman Orchid

 

Epipactis condensata - Dense-flowered Helleborine (Rare)

Epipactis microphylla - Small-leaved Helleborine (Rare)

Epipactis troodi - Cyprus Helleborine

Epipactis veratrifolia - Eastern Marsh Helleborine

 

Limodorum abortivum - Violet Limodore

 

Neotinea maculata - Dense-flowered Orchid

 

Orchis anatolica (ssp. troodi) - Anatolian Orchid *

Orchis collina - Fan-lipped Orchid

Orchis coriophora - Bug Orchid

• Orchis italica - Naked-man Orchid

• Orchis laxiflora - Loose-flowered Orchid (Rare)

Orchis morio - see O. syriaca

• Orchis palustris - Lax-flowered Orchid (Very rare)

• Orchis punctulata - Punctate Orchid (Rare)

Orchis quadripunctata - Four-spotted Orchid

Orchis sancta - Holy Orchid

• Orchis simia - Monkey Orchid (Rare)

Orchis syriaca (ssp. morio) - Green-winged Orchid

• Orchis tridentata - Toothed Orchid (Very rare)

 

• Ophrys apifera - Bee Orchid

Ophrys argolica (ssp. elegans) - Eyed Bee-Orchid *

• Ophrys attica - Mt. Carmel Ophrys

Ophrys bornmuelleri - Bornmueller's Ophrys *

Ophrys flavomarginata - Carmel Orchid *

• Ophrys fusca - Dull Ophrys

• Ophrys iricolor - Rainbow Ophrys

Ophrys isrealitica - Omega Orchid *

• Ophrys kotschyi - Kotschy's Ophrys

• Ophrys lapethica - Woodcock Orchid

• Ophrys levantina - Spider Orchid

• Ophrys lutea - Yellow Ophrys

Ophrys mammosa - Mammose Ophrys

Ophrys sintenisii *

• Ophrys tenthredinifera - Sawfly Ophrys (Very rare)

• Ophrys transhyrcana

• Ophrys umbilicata - Woodcock Orchid

 

Platanthera chlorantha (ssp. holmboei) - Holboe's Butterfly Orchid

 

Serapias laxiflora - Tongue Orchid

• Serapias levantina - Levantine Serapias (Rare)

• Serapias orientalis - Eastern Serapias (Rare)

Serapias parviflora - Small-flowered Serapias (Rare)

• Serapias vomeracea - Plough-share Serapias (Rare)

 

Spiranthes spiralis - Autumn Lady's Tresses